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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1108-1114

Evaluation of retrobulbar circulation in type 2 diabetic patients using color Doppler imaging


1 Department of Ophthalmology, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Radiology, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vikrant Kanagaraju
Department of Radiology, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore - 641 004, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1398_19

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Purpose: To investigate the retrobulbar circulatory parameters in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with color Doppler imaging (CDI) and compare the results with nondiabetic controls. Methods: This prospective study included 50 type 2 diabetic patients and 50 age-matched controls. Seven field stereo fundus photography was used to diagnose and classify diabetic retinopathy (DR). Diabetic patients were further divided into two: Group 1, consisted of patients with no DR, mild and moderate non-proliferative DR (n = 36); Group 2, severe nonproliferative and proliferative DR (n = 14). CDI was performed using Philips iU22 xMATRIX ultrasound. The peak systolic velocity (PSV), end-diastolic velocity (EDV), resistivity index (RI) and pulsatile index (PI) of ophthalmic (OA), posterior ciliary artery (PCA), and central retinal artery (CRA) along with central retinal vein (CRV) were recorded. Results: RI in the ophthalmic artery was significantly higher in both DR groups than the control group (P = 0.000). Diabetic Group 1 had decreased blood flow velocity (PSV and EDV) in PCA compared to controls (P = 0.046 and P = 0.010, respectively). Group 2 DR had significantly reduced EDV and increased RI in CRA compared to Group 1 (P = 0.015). Binary logistic regression analysis revealed glycosylated hemoglobin and RI of OA to be independent risk factors of DR. Conclusion: Significant changes in resistivity index and flow velocities were observed in the retrobulbar vessels, especially in ophthalmic artery in diabetics compared to controls. CDI with results of increased resistance or decreased flow could be useful to predict individuals at higher risk for developing severe DR.


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